Ishkov V.V., Kozii Ye.S. Morphology of organomineral formations of kidneys of Dnipropetrovsk region residents

Geoteh. meh. 2021, 158, 153-160



1Ishkov V.V., 2Kozii Ye.S.

1Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of NAS of Ukraine, 2National Technical University “Dnipro Polytechnic”

UDC 548/549.8

Language: English

Abstract. The article presents the results of morphology research of the organomineral formations of the residents of Dnipropetrovsk region and proposes the typification of uroliths according to the peculiarities of their morphology.
Determination of the structure and mineral composition of uroliths is necessary for urologists for a reasonable appointment of therapeutic and preventive actions to the patient. Existing Ukrainian and world standards for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with urolithiasis provide for mineralogical examination of urolithiasis for each patient. At the same time, now in Ukraine the implementation of such studies is proactive and sporadic, which leads to an increase in the number of diseases and their severity.
Due to the fact that organomineral concretions in general and uroliths in particular are biomineral formations, and minerals are the subject of mineralogy and crystallography, it is necessary, first of all, to consider some features of mineral morphology in relation to urolith formation. Along with genetically determined mineral formations of living organisms, pathogenic biominerals are also widespread, in particular, urinary and kidney stones - uroliths, which are a natural consequence of the development of urolithiasis.
It has been established that polymineral formations predominate in the composition of the studied uroliths of the inhabitants of the Dnipropetrovsk region. Various combinations of oxalates (vevellite, veddilite), phosphates (mainly hydroxyl apatite - collophane), urate (uric acid, uric acid dihydrate), organic matter, and in some cases purines (xanthine) are most common in the studied samples. Also, in all the studied samples there are certain defects of the minerals forming them.
The morphology of organomineral formations is largely determined by the position of their location. The central part of the organomineral formations of the studied samples was usually represented by accumulations of organic matter containing a highly dispersed mineral component. In addition, a characteristic feature of all mineral individuals without exception is their large-scale microblocking and the presence of inclusions of organic matter.
Keywords: organomineral formations, uroliths, morphology, crystals, concretions, urolithiasis.


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About the authors:

Ishkov Valerii Valeriiovych, Candidate of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences (Ph.D.), Senior Research in Laboratory of Studies of Structural Changes Rocks, Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (IGTM of NAS of Ukraine), Dnipro, Ukraine, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Kozii Yevhen Serhiiovych, Candidate of Geological Sciences (Ph.D.), Deputy Director of Educational and Scientific Center for Training of Foreign Citizens, National Technical University “Dnipro Polytechnic” (NTU "DP"), Dnipro, Ukraine, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.