Kokoulin I.Ye. To the issue of risk management in coal production

Geoteh. meh. 2021, 158, 123-130




1Kokoulin I.Ye., 2Yashchenko I.О.

1Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of NAS of Ukraine, 2Ministry of Power Engineering of Ukraine

UDC 622.8.1/.8:519.876.2:005.2 

Language: English

Abstract. In the last quarter of the twentieth century, a new technical term appeared in world practice - risk, with its various manifestations: technical and industrial, emergency, aerological, environmental, individual, collective, complex, etc. New forms of safety assessment preceded the public's understanding of the need to improve approaches to its assessment in such a way, which led to great differences in the interpretation of risk-oriented technology for safety management of dangerous production objects (DPO). In the article, the peculiarities of coal production in modern Ukraine are considered in terms of labor protection with its drawbacks, and a conclusion is made that the way out for the coal industry from the situation is to reduce risks of various types, which increases the safety of coal workers. It is noted that the terms «risk» and «danger» are not synonyms. Safety does not mean absence of unacceptable risk. A term «risk management» requires additional discussion and elucidations. Based on the terminological foundations of management theory, management is a process which includes development of alternative control influences, making of decisions by choosing the most effective ones and the implementation of control influences to achieve the desired results of the controlled object. The Risk, as (a) measure of danger of an object, is not an object, and therefore cannot be an object of control. Risk cannot function, and it has no results of functioning. Therefore, it is impossible to manage risk as such. The term "risk management" is a market phrase it is a mistake to consider risk in the form of an independent entity (because risk is only a rate of danger). It is necessary to manage work the safety of the site as a whole, and not its features and parameters, one of which is the risk. Unfortunately, in practice, we have to observe how "risk is managed" by unscrupulous authors of industrial safety declarations, as well as by hasty interpreters in their one-sided and biased reports in some media. The risk of a man working in DPO needs further and more thorough researches.
Keywords: acceptable risk, risk management, increase of safety, quantitative estimation of risk, cost of human life.


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About the authors:

Kokoulin Ivan Yevhenovych, Candidate of Technical Sciences (Ph.D.), Senior Researcher, Senior Researcher in the Department of Problems of Underground Mines in Great Depths, Institute of Geotechnical Mechanics named by N. Poljakov of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (IGTM of NAS of Ukraine), Dnipro, Ukraine, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Yashchenko Ihor Oleksiovych, Candidate of Technical Sciences (Ph.D.), Deputy Cheef of the Department of Labour Protection, Industrial Safety and Civil Defence, Ministry of Power Engineering, Kyiv, Ukraine.